However, several Phoenician consonants were absent in Greek, and thus several letter names came to be pronounced with initial vowels. Despite the conflict in theories, scholars are generally agreed that, for about years before the middle of the 2nd millennium bce, alphabet making was in the air in the Syro-Palestinian region.
For example, back in tricorn hat days, Benjamin Franklin proposed a version of the alphabet which would have resulted in writing like this: These offshoots, which took root in Sri LankaMyanmar BurmaThailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia, and the Philippines, were again the result of the spreading of a religion— Buddhism —in this case by missionaries.
By the 5th century B. The penthe printing pressthe computer and the mobile phone are all technological developments which have altered what is written, and the medium through which the written word is produced.
In the latter case there is this peculiarity, that plaster siclime or gypsum was used along with stone, a combination of materials which is illustrated by comparison of the practice of the Egyptian engravers, who, having first carefully smoothed the stone, filled up the faulty places with gypsum or cement, in order to obtain a perfectly uniform surface on which to execute their engravings.
After first writing right to left, the Greeks eventually chose to write from left to right, unlike the Phoenicians who wrote from right to left. J began as a variation of Iin which a long tail was added to the final I when there were several in a row.
Several varieties of the Greek alphabet developed. The light green shows the countries where the alphabet co-exists with other scripts. The other variation, known as Eastern Greekwas used in present-day Turkey and by the Athenians, and eventually the rest of the world that spoke Greek adopted this variation.
It was invented, in spurts and stages, as different civilizations borrowed ideas about writing from their peers. Indeed, it is probable that those who invented the alphabet were acquainted with most of the scripts current in the eastern Mediterranean lands at the time.
Mesoamerican writing systems A stone slab with 3,year-old writing, the Cascajal Blockwas discovered in the Mexican state of Veracruz, and is an example of the oldest script in the Western Hemisphere, preceding the oldest Zapotec writing dated to about BC.
The nature of writing has been constantly evolving, particularly due to the development of new technologies over the centuries. Iron Age writing[ edit ] Cippus PerusinusEtruscan writing near PerugiaItalythe precursor of the Latin alphabet The Phoenician alphabet is simply the Proto-Canaanite alphabet as it was continued into the Iron Age conventionally taken from a cut-off date of BC.
Sometime during the second millennium B. There are easier mnemonic devices for remembering the ampersand.Writing numbers for the purpose of record keeping began long before the writing of language. See History of writing ancient numbers for how the writing of numbers began.
It is generally agreed that true writing of language (not only numbers) was independently conceived and developed in at least two ancient civilizations and possibly more.
The Invention of Writing. The Phoenicians’ contribution of the alphabet made writing easier and more accessible to other cultures, but the basic system of putting symbols down on paper to represent words and concepts began much earlier.
Durant notes. Of all the accomplishments of the ancient Middle East, the invention of the alphabet is probably the greatest. While pre-alphabetic systems of writing in the Old World became steadily more phonetic, they were still exceedingly cumbersome, and the syllabic systems that gradually replaced them.
Sequoyah, Inventor of the Cherokee Alphabet. TRENDING: Cherokee Tribe. Search the Final Rolls in conformity with its usual pronunciation, and this has continued to be the mode of writing it.
Guess now made a die, containing a facsimile of his name, as written by Hicks, with which he stamped his name upon the articles which he fabricated.
The History of the Alphabet INTRODUCTION: Pre-Alphabetic Writing • Chinese writing is based on ideograms – hard to learn at first, so it takes Chinese more important than either of these is the invention of writing itself John Healey, The Early Alphabet, The History of the Alphabet The Greek Alphabet.
The alphabet didn't appear fully formed out of nowhere, blasted into rock by a really unlikely lightning bolt.
It was invented, in spurts and stages, as different civilizations borrowed ideas about writing from their peers.Download